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Victoria Falls

David Livingstone, the Scottish missionary and explorer, is believed to have been the first European to view the Victoria Falls — which he did from what is now known as 'Livingstone Island' in Zambia, the only land accessible in the middle of the falls.

Livingstone named the falls 'Victoria Falls' in honor of his Queen, but the local name of 'Mosi-oa-Tunya' — literally meaning the 'Smoke that Thunders' — is also well known.


While it is neither the highest nor the widest waterfall in the world, Victoria Falls is claimed to be the largest.

This claim is based on a width of 1,708 meters (5,604 ft) and height of 108 meters (354 ft), forming the largest sheet of falling water on earth.


The spray from Victoria Falls. in the flood season, typically rises to a height of over 400 meters (1,300 ft), and sometimes even twice as high, and is visible from up to 50 km (31 mi) away.

During the flood season, it is impossible to see the foot of the falls and most of its face, and the walks along the cliff opposite it are in a constant shower and shrouded in mist.


Victoria Falls is roughly twice the height of North America's Niagara Falls and well over twice the width of its Horseshoe Falls.