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BOTSWANA

Map of Botswana [coordinates: 22°00′S, 24°00′E]


Area:
total: 581,730 km²
land: 566,730 km²
water: 15,000 km²
{slightly smaller than Texas}


Land boundaries:
total: 4,013 km
border countries:Namibia 1,360 km, South Africa 1,840 km, Zimbabwe 813 km

  • Summary
  • Background

Republic of Botswana
 


Location
Southern Africa


Capital City
Gaborone [24°39′29″S, 25°54′44″E]


Official Languages
English, Setswana


Currency
Pula (BWP)


Time Zone
Central Africa Time (UTC+02)

 

Politics:
Formerly known as the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name upon independence in 1966.

Four decades of uninterrupted civilian leadership, progressive social policies, and significant capital investment have created one of the most dynamic economies in Africa.


Economy:
Mineral extraction, principally diamond mining, dominates economic activity, though tourism is a growing sector due to the country’s conservation practices and extensive nature preserves.

Through fiscal discipline and sound management, Botswana transformed itself from one of the poorest countries in the world to a middle-income country with a per capita GDP of $13,100 in 2010.


Location:
Southern Africa, north of South Africa


Time difference:
GMT+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)


Exchange rate:
Pulas (BWP) per US dollar — 6.7413 (2010)